Keynote Speaker (1)

Dr. Tan Khay Boon

Dr. Tan Khay Boon

Senior Lecturer

Singapore Institute of Management Global Education

Introduction of  Dr. Tan Khay Boon

Dr. Tan Khay Boon is a Senior Lecturer at Singapore Institute of Management Global Education. He is also an assistant Editor of Singapore Economic Review. He holds a Ph.D. from Nanyang Technological University, Master of Social Science in Economics and Bachelor of Social Science (Honours) from National University of Singapore. He began his teaching career in 1995 as a lecturer at the Temasek Business School Temasek Polytechnic, before moving on to lecture in Economics in the School of Humanities of Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological University and the School of Business, Singapore University of Social Sciences.  He is currently a senior lecturer and Head of programme in the Singapore Institute of Management Global Education.  During his teaching career, Dr. Tan has taught various economic modules including international economics, macroeconomics, managerial economics, econometrics, time series analysis and forecasting. He has also published his research in reputed journals and the daily newspapers.


Human Capital Investment and Economic Growth: An Analysis of the Singapore Economy


Traditionally, physical capital is considered as the only or most important determinant in economic growth.  More recent studies have considered the importance of human capital in economic growth, besides physical capital and technological improvement.  This paper analyses the relationship between human capital development and economic growth in Singapore, a relatively successful economy in terms of economic growth.  This study uses a neoclassical growth model as the theoretical justification to link up human capital investment with economic growth.  It deploys two indicators, tertiary student enrolment and private consumption expenditure on education, as the human capital indicators and the real GDP per capita as the growth indicator.  Granger causality tests on a bivariate Error Correction Model framework are used to determine the causal relationship between human capital investment and economic growth.  The results show that both tertiary student enrolment and private consumption expenditure on education are positive and significant in explaining the real GDP per capita of Singapore.  The direction of causality is established to be from the human capital investment indicator to the economic growth but not vice versa and the causality occurs mainly in long run.  This paper highlights the importance of human capital investment in promoting economic growth in the long run, especially for an economy like Singapore which has no other resources.

Keynote Speaker (2)


Professor Jeffrey Trambley

Faculty of International Communication

Musashino Gakuin University, Japan

Introduction of  Prof. Jeffrey Trambley

Jeffrey Trambley is a professor at the Faculty of International Communication of Musashino Gakuin University in Japan and at the institution’s graduate school program. Originally from Minnesota in the USA, he began his EFL career teaching in the Czech Republic at the secondary school level. In Japan since 1997, he first spent 2 years as an Assistant English Teacher (AET) for the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan on the JET (Japan Exchange and Teaching) Programme in Fukushima Prefecture before moving to Tokyo to complete his Master’s degree at the Tokyo College of Music. 

He has taught at universities in the Tokyo area since 2002. His research interests span a variety of disciplines including EFL reading assessment methods, student motivation, gender bias in testing, and ICT usage. Currently, his research efforts focus on Olympic Education (OE) and the role of higher education in the Olympic Movement as well as how educational institutions can promote inclusion and diversity. He hopes his research will ensure that the Tokyo 2020 Olympics and Paralympics will provide lasting educational benefits extending far beyond 2020.


The Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Mascots in the Context of the Olympic Education Program


The 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games are viewed as a catalyst of change seen not only in the landscape and infrastructure of the host city, Tokyo, but also felt deeply in the hearts and minds of the Japanese people and the international community. As Tokyo enters the final countdown to the Games over the next 2 years, the carefully laid plans are finally coming into a clearer view.

In this keynote speech, I will focus on the context of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Education program and its use of the official mascots as an educational tool. The use of mascots in the Olympic Games has expanded greatly since the first mascot was designed for the Grenoble Winter Olympic Games in 1968 and as many researchers have indicated, they now serve as part of the enduring legacy of the Games (Davou, Thwaites & Chadwick, 2008). In the context of the Olympic Education (OE) program for the Tokyo 2020 Games, one of the integral components has been the Olympic mascot, beginning with the design contest in May 2017, continuing with the voting process from three final candidates conducted by nearly 16,700 elementary schools across Japan and abroad, and culminating in July 2018 when the mascot names, Miraitowa and Someity, were publicly announced. From the onset, the importance of the mascots’ multiple roles was highlighted: welcoming athletes and visitors from overseas, exciting children and fans, and communicating the Values of the Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020 (The Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympics and Paralympic Games, 2017). This keynote speech will outline how the mascots have thus far been employed in the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Education (OE) program and whether the mascots, through their individual character profiles and design components, are successfully embodying the Tokyo 2020 Olympic core concepts of “Achieving Personal Best, Unity in Diversity and Connecting to Tomorrow” (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan), 2016).

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